medieval and renaissance music (Organum ((in medieval music) a form of…
medieval and renaissance music
polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
this is a form of heterophony. In its earliest stages, organum involved two musical voices: a Gregorian chant melody, and the same melody transposed by a consonant interval, usually a perfect fifth or fourth.
Guillaume de Machaut
a short piece of sacred choral music, typically polyphonic and unaccompanied.
Monophony means music with a single "part" and a "part" typically means a single vocal melody, but it could mean a single melody on an instrument of one kind or another. Polyphony means music with more than one part, and so this indicates simultaneous notes.
(in medieval music) a form of early polyphony based on an existing plainsong.
Contrary and Oblique Organum
Polyphony emerged in the 8th or 9th century and appears in an early elementary form in "parallel organum": chant with almost strictly parallel progression. ... Organum appeared in contrary motion too, a mirroring of lines leading to issues of counterpoint.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.
is a musical style characterized by rhythmic and notational complexity, centered on Paris, Avignon in southern France, also in northern Spain at the end of the fourteenth century.
European music written from about the year 1400 to 1600. This section of time is called the Renaissance, a word which means “rebirth”. The Renaissance comes between the Middle Ages and the Baroque times