Within these two chapters, the instructors assess and evaluate, in addition to the learner's ability to evaluating the course. Different types and levels of assessment are brought into spotlight in the chapter 9. A few of the administrative purposes of assessment results include program evaluation and improvement, facilitation of student placement in programs, justification for funding priorities, and reporting of long-term trends to state, federal or corporate entities.(Simonson, Smaldino, & Zvacek, 2015, p. 226). This leads into the different types of assessment that are used for evaluating the learner's progress. Types of assessment includes formative/summative, objective/subjective, online quizzes and tests. The chapters also include the different implementation strategies in cahoots with student conduct/misconduct. The assessment strategies described in the previous section are not unique to the distance education environment although, their implementation may vary based on how geographically dispersed the students are(Simonson, Smaldino, & Zvacek, 2015, p. 240). Within chapter 12, evaluation is the talk of the chapter. The instructor and even the learner are placed in similar roles. The instructors evaluate how well the learners are able to transform the instruction delivered. So, reliability and validity are staked toward the instructor. Kirkpatrick and Kirkpatrick's evaluation approach ha been traditionally used to evaluate classroom training and teaching(Simonson, Smaldino, & Zvacek, 2015, p. 307). Student/learner evaluation has a weighted input on the course instruction likewise. The feedback delivered should focus on six main area. they are teaching and learning, developing a community of learners, the instructor, the learner, how the course was taught and, the technology used during instruction. I believe that evaluation should be heavily influenced in distance learning. Assessment is great but, it can be tricky. Again, this is why I believe a lot of the stress is place on the instructor because, there are so many factors. I do believe that distance instructors should enforce, which many have already done, doing course surveys, evaluations and even class survey polls.