Audience and Writer's purpose (There are four common purposes of …
Audience and Writer's purpose
Writers aim their work at a general or specific audience
The writer will always have a group of people in mind when they write.
The audience of a text can be quite general.
Some texts will have more appeal to one audience.
Look out for clues about the target audience
Sometimes you can work out who the target audience is by the text's content
The vocabulary can tell you about the target's audience
the language can also give you a clear clue about the target audience's level of understanding.
There are four common purposes of writing
To argue or to persuade
They give the writer's opinion
They get the reader to agree with them
They help the reader to do something
They give instructions on what to do
They tell the readers about something
They help the reader to increase their understanding of a subject
~They are enjoyable to read
They make the reader feel something.
Lots of texts have more than one purpose though, E.g- a biographical text could be written to both inform and entertain the audience.
In the exams read the texts carefully and maker sure that you think about the what the writers are trying to achieve (and how they are achieving it).
Look out for super helpful exam questions that actually tell you the writer's purpose. E.g- if the question asks you about how the writer uses language to influence the reader, you know it's about persuading.
Purpose is more obvious in non- fiction texts
The purpose of most non- fiction is usually quite obvious
If a speech is trying to argue a particular point of view, the writer makes this really clear to make the argument more powerful.
look out for texts where it's less obvious though.
A magazine article is primarily written to entertain the audience, so it might use a chatty tone to engage the reader. This might make it less obvious that it's also trying to argue a particular point of view.
A piece of fiction's most obvious work is to entertain, but writers sometimes use entertainment to achieve another purpose.
Lots of fiction texts are entertaining stories on the surface, but they can contain another message. The writer might want to argue their own point of view to inform the reader about something.