Responses to the Great Depression (Soviet Union (Vladimir Lenin Unknown ,…
Responses to the Great Depression
The United States
The social conditions for americans was that the social classes were much more divided. You had the rich and middle class who were not fully struggling to survive and were thought to be above the rest of the americans. Then you had the unemployed who struggled to pay day to day fees, put food on the table, provide educatin for their children and so on.
The USA is a democracy and was under the rule of Hoover and FDR during the Great Depression.
• Keynesian Economics
This was the belief that if lots of your people are unemployed that the government needs to step in and pay money to get the people jobs. If people don't have jobs then they won't spend money and that means a bad economy so if the government spends money to get those people jobs then the economy will eventually rise.
The Crash Of 1929
The crash of 1929 was the year the market crashed. On of the most infamous days was Black Tuesday this was the day when the market crashed and over 16 million shares were traded. Billions dollars were lost, stocks were lost, and investors were wiped out.
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930
The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act was an act that raised the tariff on about 890 tariffs being imprted into the US.
The New Deal
The New Deal was a deal made buy FDR that started by him closing all banks and making beer legal to buy again but, the main deal was the second deal which was were FDR created new and random jobs for all the unemployed people to help raise the economy.
Five year plans Eventually erased the NEP. The goal of the Five year plan was to increase industrial power in Russia. Dictator Joseph Stalin started the fire year plan and it ended up killing peasants, but brought more economic success to Russian industry.
Collectivization: The soviet stated used the collectivization of agriculture to fuel their factory cities. This method help Russia reach great industrial numbers in just 4 years but at the cost of many peasants.
The Soviet Union had a communist dictatorship under stalin during the great depression.
New Economic Policy (NEP)> The NEP temporarily restored the market economy and some private enterprise in Russia. Other larger industries on the other had were still under state control. Peasants could even sell their surplus food.
The great purge: The congress of victors became the congress of victims when Stalin found out some people didn't like how he was running things. He killed thousands to stay in power of the USSR.
The Bolshevik Revolution happened in 1917 after the Russian Empire had left WW1. The Tsarist autocracy was overthrown by Lenin and Bolshevik extremists. Emperor Nicholas II was abdicated and the Russian Empire ended.
War Communism was introduced by Vladimir Lenin after the Russian Civil War. War Communism was the economic system used by Russia after their civil war to combat their economic problems.It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist dogma
Italy's government was a fascist one under Benito Mussolini. Fascism is a one party dictatorship and is against democracy.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe
Kristallnacht: Is referred to as the night of broken glass were hundreds of jewish own businesses and synagogues windows were destroyed as protest against them in 1938
The two Nuremberg Laws were unanimously passed by the Reichstag on 15 September 1935. The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour prohibited marriages and extramarital intercourse between Jews and Germans, and forbade the employment of German females under 45 in Jewish households.
The Nazi party was a group that origianlly seeked german pride and anti-semitism. The group eventually took over Germany led by Hitler and blamed the Jews for the war and caused the Holocaust.
Germany was a democracy and at the time was being ruled By Hitler.
Anti-semitism is hostility or prejudice toward Jews.
Hitler rise to power
Hitler rose to by power by deciding to run for a leadership role in the government. Hitler lost the election when he ran but eventually worked up to the rank of Chancellor and became the leader of Germany and this allowed for his immense to power.
The Racial State This was when Germenay tried to restructure a class society along racial lines.
Women and Race
Women in Germany were not to become politically involved in the Nazi party. Women did still end up being a part of Nazi German politics although there was a rule on it. As for race Nazi germans saw everybody not ethnically from Germany as below them or a minority. Jews were not the only minority they were just blamed for the war and the only one that were hunted and killed.