The Fascist State: Similar to the other countries, the Great Depression had ravaged Italy. This led to the rise of extremist movements, allowing for the foundation of the Fascist State. Italian involvement in WWI led to a distrust in capitalism and democracy, also contributing to the rise of fascism. A significant Italian leader stirring the rise of Fascism would be Benito Mussolini. Similar to Hitler, he had unparalleled charisma and delivered his speeches ringing with nationalism, militarism, and promises to solve problems of the Depression. The desperation of the peoples contributed to their willingness to accept new political systems, especially those of which appeared the most promising (such as Mussolini’s regime). There were many angry laborers and strikes occurring at the time of Mussolini’s rise. “Fascio di Combattimento” was Mussolini’s political movement, rounding up those in favor of nationalism and futurism (fans of technical and industrial innovation). Mussolini concentrated on creating a new economic plan, which did not entirely work - he wanted to create infrastructure projects, increase the value of the lira, and grow grain instead of fruit. The last two options did not work as much, with both of them backfiring back onto the citizens. Italy’s agricultural economy did not serve them well in comparison to the European industries. Not only did Mussolini round up supporties by rallying them up, he also intimidated the opposing Socialists through violence and other methods of intimidation (arson, etc.). In order to successfully instill his government in the first plan, Mussolini marched upon Rome and threatened civil war - unless he was accepted as Prime Minister and allowed to practice his form of government. The King did not want civil war, so he allowed this. Mussolini’s slogan was “everything in the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State“ and he made economic efforts of eliminating class divisions, banning workers strikes, unions, etc. Mussolini mostly focused on censoring a lot of society, such as freedom of speech and press, in order to ensure the longevity of his leadership.