Medical Terminology: The Muscular System (My/o: Muscle (Myasthenia gravis:…
Medical Terminology: The Muscular System
Bi-: Twice, double, two
Biceps: A muscle with two heads
-cele: hernia, tumor, swelling
Dys-: bad, difficult, or painful
Dyskinesia: abnormality or impairment of voluntary movement.
Dystonia: Involuntary muscle contractions that cause repetitive or twisting movements.
Fasci/o: Fascia, Fibrous band
Fasciitis: The plantar fascia is a broad band of fibrous tissue that connects the toes to the heel.
Fibr/o: Fibrous tissue, fiber
Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Widespread muscle pain and tenderness.
Fibrous Dysplasia: An uncommon bone disorder in which scar-like (fibrous) tissue develops in place of normal bone
-ia: abnormal condition, disease
Ataxia: The loss of full control of bodily movements.
Bradykinesia: Slowness of movement and is one of the cardinal manifestations of Parkinson's disease
Hemiplegia: Paralysis of one side of the body.
-ic: Pertaining to
Atonic: Lacking muscular tone.
Hemopoietic: Pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells; "hemopoietic stem cells in bone marrow
Myasthenia gravis: A weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary control.
Myocele: Protrusion of muscle substance through a tear in its sheath
Myoclonus: Spasmodic jerky contraction of groups of muscles.
Myofascial Release: Alternative medicine therapy that claims to treat skeletal muscle immobility and pain by relaxing contracted muscles
-plegia: Paralysis, stroke
Paraplegia: paralysis of the legs and lower body, typically caused by spinal injury or disease.
Quadriplegia: Paralysis of all four limbs
Tax/o: coordination, order
Teno: Tendon, stretch out, extend, strain
Tenosynovitis: Inflammation of the tendon sheath where muscle connects to bone.
Tenorrhaphy: Surgical suture of a divided tendon.
Ton/o: Tone, stretching, tension