Medical Terminology: Skeletal System (Oste/o: Bone (Osteomalacia:…
Medical Terminology: Skeletal System
Ankyl/o: Crooked, bent, stiff
Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammatory arthritis affecting the spine and large joints.
Arthrodesis: Surgical immobilization of a joint
Arthrolysis: Operation to treat elbow stiffness
Arthroscopy:surgical procedure on a joint
Chondroma: Benign cartilaginous tumor
Chondromalacia: Damage to the cartilage under the kneecap
Costochondritis: Inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib
Craniostenosis: A condition that affects the skull development of a fetus or newborn
-desis: to bind, tie together
Tenodesis: The biceps tendon passes through the shoulder joint and attaches to the labrum.
Kyph/o: Bent, hump
Kyphosis: Excessive outward curvature of the spine
Lord/o: Curve, swayback, bent
Lordosis: A curving inward of the lower back.
-lysis: loosening or setting free
Tenolysis: Surgery to release a tendon affected by adhesions
Paralysis: the loss of the ability to move
Myel/o: Spinal cord, bone marrow
Myeloma: A cancer of plasma cells.The plasma cells are a type of white blood cell in the bone marrow.
Osteomalacia: Softening of the bones
Osteoclasis: The surgical destruction of bone tissue.
Osteochondroma: Overgrowth of cartilage and bone
Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down.
Osteitis: Inflammation of the substance of a bone.
Scoli/o: Curved, bent
Scoliosis: A sideways curvature of the spine.
Spondylolisthesis: A spinal disorder in which a bone (vertebra) slips forward onto the bone below it.
Spondylosis: A general term for age-related wear and tear of the spinal disks.
Synovi/o: Synovial Membrane
Synovectomy: A procedure where the synovial tissue surrounding a joint is removed
-um: Singular noun ending
Manubrium: The broad upper part of the sternum of mammals, with which the clavicles and first ribs articulate.