Responses to the Great Depression (Nazi Germany (Anti-semitism essentially…
Responses to the Great Depression
Italy was a facist state in the time of the Great Depression.
Italy was a facist state and is defined as the leader having total control of the economy and governmnet. Mussolini had, Once the Facist Party gained popularity it got into all facets of the Italian Government and in part modified their Constitution.
The United States
Franklin D. Roosvelt
The USA is a representative democracy
The Crash of 1929 was the biggest stock market crash and it was a significant indicator that the Great Depression was starting to become a reality
The Great Contraction of 1929-33 was a monetary summary of the US economy from 1867-1960.
The Smoot-Hawley Tariff was an act that put tariffs on a ton of good. It was popularized by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley
The social conditions for the American got worse. They were exxtremely harsh on the poor who got even poorer. The gap between the upper and lower classes increased. The poor looked to the government for help while the governmnet looked at big companies for help. The situation was much like France before the Revolution, except that the government really couldn't do much to help
Keynesian economics was a movement much like the Bolsheviks. They were annoyed with the state of the economy and wanted to do something about it. they wanted the output of goods and services equal to the demand for those goods. It was much like Marxism in its emphasis on proportions of work and profit.
The New Deal was a series of financial programs and services that FDR put in place to relieve the Great Depression's effect on America. It included many new programs and it was used for employment. There werre many public works projects in this era.
The USSR was a totalitarian socialist state. Its economic system was was communism.
The Bolshevik Revolution was a revolution to overthow the Tsar and government. It started in the middle of WWI. This caused the government to pull out of the war. This revolution was too put communism in place. There was a lot of frrustration with the current system of government and economy. There were many people who didn't have jobs while the rich got richer. It was very much like the French Revolution.
The economic system of the USSR was called War Communism. It was introduce by Vladimir Lenin. It was made to fix the problems that the revolution caused.
The New Econmic Policy was a economic policy that tried to progress towards a more capitalist state. It was to put down rebellions within the Union. This was a success in the short run. It put money iin the hands of the poor and eased up the general public. It was introduced by Lenin in 1921.
The FIve Year Plan was a series of economic decisions that were implemented in1928. This is very much like New Deal in America. It was designed to increase industrialization. It was also implementeed by Stalin.
Collectivization is the practice of farming as a joint-stock partners in a farm. It became a joint enterprise. The Union started to enforce ths. It allowed many people to move to the cities and was a great example of communism in the Depression. It was introduced by Stalin.
The Great Purge was a time of political supression. It lasted two years from 1936-38. It was a way of Stalin getting rid of his political enemies. He essensially killed off his enemies most notable of them being Leon Trotsky. It showed the extent of paranioa and power that Stalin held.
Nazi Germany was a Totalitarian one-party state.
The Nazi party or The National Socialist German Workers' Party was a political party that centered itself around Nazism. The party started in 1920 and ended with WWII.
Nazi Socialism or simply Nazism is the beifs and practices of the Nazi party. Among these were antisemitism anti-communism and nationalism other things
Hitler rose to power throug his charisma and the way he appealed to the people. He blamed the Jews for the cause of losing WWI. He also appealed to the peoples racism adn homophobia. This was simply to gain power for good measure. He also hated the communists because Russia was communist.
The Nazis were very adamant on establishing the supremacy of whites. They beleived that non-whites were impure and didn't deserve to live. They used to support these in a number of ways. They attempted to prove this through biased scientific tests.Another example of them trying to establish their white authority were the Olympics in 1936.
Women were excluded from politics and couldn't even join the party.They were essentially taken back to the middle ages with their politcal policies regarding the women. They were still expected to do their traditional roles. Non-whites were persecuted by the Nazi party which, of course, promoted white supremacy. They were hunted and a very real part of the holocaust.
Nazi eugenics was the further improvement of the white race through experimentation and torture on non-whites. Aside from none-whites there was a lot of Nazi superstition surrounding twin which were experimented on as well. They would essentially do extreme torture in their concentration camps calliing them experiments. Many were convicted of crimes in the aftermath of WWII.
Anti-semitism essentially Islamaphobia but for Jews. It's being racist to Jews. The Nazis were very anti-semitic because they blamed the Jews for the lose of WWI. The Nazis thought that the Jews of the country conspired to bring them down.
The Nuremburg Laws were a series of laws that were antisemetic. They included the law that Jews couldn't marry outside of the Jews. It also didn't allow women to work in Jewish households. These were announced at the Nuremburg Rally on September 15th, 1935.
Kristallnacht was a night of a seriees of Jewish massacres. It happenned throughout Germany. It lasted from November 9, 1938 to November 10, 1938. This was a act of ethnic clensing.