Changes to British rule after the great Rebellion
Changes to British
rule after the great
Native princes were permitted to implement their own laws, but the British could intervene if trouble arose.
This was their reward for not taking part in the rebellion against the British.
The British could pint to the development of a road and rail network, schools and universities, hospitals,a large civil service and greater rights and freedoms for the natives under their control.
Opened India to new merchants and allowed more missionaries to stay for longer.
In 1835, Thomas Macaulay created a new class of Indians that was 'English in taste, in opinions, in morals, and in intellect'.
By 18 54, English universities had been established in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras, and there were English primary and secondary schools right throughout British India.
By 1918, Calcutta University had become the largest university in the world, with about 27 000 students.
IN November 1858, Gueen Victoria declared that all her Indian subject would be protected under British laws.
Religious tolerance would be shown in all affairs; new opportunities would be provided for Indians to join the civil service; and the land rights of native princes would be respected.
the beginning of direct government rule in India, known as the British Raj (raj is a Hindi word for 'rule')
Only British officers were given charge of the artillery
Because of that more British soldiers were incorporated into the army.
To protect its territorial interests, the British East India Company created an army of Indian soldiers from the finest native fighters throughout India known as The Sepoy Army.
More importantly, though, the Sepoy Mutiny, brought an end to company rule and marked the beginning of direct government rule in India, known as the British Raj (raj is a Hindi word for 'rule')
India was divided into two-British India and Princely India. British India consisted of the territory that had been ruled by the British East India company. Princely India was made up of 562 Native States.