According to the text, "Assessment is defined as the process of measuring, documenting and interpreting behaviors that demonstrate learning. " The text also discusses the need for assessments to provide feedback to students and teachers. Students utilize feedback for application of content material ans teachers utilize assessments to consider good and bad instructional design and the identification of low performing students that may require remediation. The text identifies the importance of pre-tests, periodic assessments and post -tests within a course ( Simonson, Smaldino & Zvacek, 2015, pp. 226-227).