Chapter 7: Students with Emotional and Behavior Disorders (What are…
Chapter 7: Students with Emotional and Behavior Disorders
What are Emotional and Behavioral Disorders?
Federal Definition: a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance:
A. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors. B. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers. C. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances. D. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression. E. A tenancy to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
Causes of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders:
Biological (genetics, brain injury)
Psychosocial (chronic stress, stressful life events, childhood maltreatment, and other family factors)
Correlated Constraints propose that when children's lives are permeated with risk factors, those factors collectively promote maladaptive behavior patterns and subsequently constrain the development of positive adjustment
There are other definitions by different groups and more factors to consider.
What Are the Characteristics of Individuals with Emotional and Behavior Disorders?
Behavior and Emotional Characteristics:
Internalizing behaviors are those characterized as those drawn inwardly (do not usually disrupt the classroom)
Externalizing behaviors are those directed towards others (aggression, "acting out")
Lack of social skills
Low grades, high dropout rates
How Do Learners with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Receive Their Education?
Variety of placement
Public or private residential facilities
public or private separate school
outside general education classes more than 60% of the day
outside general education classes between 21-60% of the day
outside general education class less than 20% of the day
home or hospital setting