VALUES(Lincoln and Guba 1985, p. 37 as cited by Giorgi in 2005, p. 204)
The positivistic aim to reach neutrality in research so that results are not contaminated "has led to research with the opposite emphasis, such as ACTION RESEARCH, whereby one tries to achieve a desired outcome" (1994, p. 204). "Phenomenologically, subjectivity cannot be eliminated, and it shouldn't be, but subjectivity in the pejorative sense can be transcended" (1994, p. 205)
"For phenomenology, nothing can be accomplished without subjectivity, so its elimination is not the solution. Rather, how the subject is present is what matters, and objectivity itself is an achievement of subjectivity.
"THE REAL ISSUE IS HOW SUBJECTIVITY SHOULD BE PRESENT AND WHICH VALUES SHOULD BE FOSTERED" (1994, p. 205) **
By using a phenomenological approach to explore what it is like for early childhood educators to be in relation with a young child who has experienced trauma, my aim is to explore educators' subjectivity and to find out how a particular subjectivity deals better with the emotional challenges present in such child and which values should be fostered
By recommending the use of the REDUCTION, "which means an attitude in which [the researcher's] hopes and dreams may be temporarily disengaged so that the phenomena can manifest themselves "as they are" to the temporarily "disinterested" human subject who is the researcher." (1994, p. 205)
THe REDUCTION is a means of rendering oneself as noninfluential as possible during the process of research (neutral) in order to come up with valuable (value) findings
This idea of how the subject is present is critical. It also connects with the idea of "from where" the subject is present which Derrida mentions is reference of a place from which (cf. Biesta's article) This is relevant not only to the extent to which it speaks of a way of being which strips layers of "knowledge" and "information" which instead of raprocher/bringing closer, deter the Other but also because it is from getting to that place, without baggage/ or it is because to get to that place we need to arrive without baggage and because to see the other we need to use our own eyes. In that sense, the phenomenological attitude supports us to lighten up our view (both in terms of adding light to it and in terms ok freeing it from weight) and to get to the real place where we can indeed receive the other into the world, with Love. #