Reasons for Immigrating
They had no choice.
Their skills could be used in the U.S.
They were in dangerous situations in their home country
The population was growing, which meant the farmland was shrinking.
Sought Religious freedom.
There was political unrest.
First Wave vs. Second Wave
The First Wave had more experience living in a democracy compared to the Second Wave.
The First Wave mainly came from Northern and Western Europe, while the Second Wave mainly came from the Eastern and Southern parts of Europe.
The First Wave spoke better English compared to the Second Wave
Came because of the failed revolutions against leaders.
Came from different levels of society.
Left their country because of the potato famine.
Had to do all the hard jobs in the U.S.
Women did housework
Men did labor
Had a lot of stereotypes against them.
Were Roman Catholic
Nativists were people who wanted to preserve their country for the white.
Usually opposed the Irish immigrants.
Disliked how they were Roman Catholic
Included the Know-Nothings
Said they knew nothing when asked about a group.
Became a political party.
What is immigration?
When you leave your home country to live in a new country.
Mostly came from Eastern and Southern Europe
Many Jews in Russia became targets.
Mainly Catholic and Jewish