Special Education Process (Identify A struggling student (Signs include…
Special Education Process
Identify A struggling student
Signs include frustration, acting out in class, inability to pay attention, frequent absences, shutting down.
Why is the student frustrated? Are their problems at home? Are they missing the core foundation of the lesson? What is confusing them?
Acting out in Class
Is the student prone to behavioral problems? Do they not understand the concept?
Inability to pay attention
Has the student been diagnosed with ADD or ADHD? Do they frequently zone out, or just when an unmastered concept is being covered?
Are there issues at home preventing the student from attending school? Are there resources available to the student at home so he/she can stay up to date on classwork and avoid falling behind?
When does the student shut down? Ho can the teacher differentiate their instruction to reach a student that has given up? Does the student require reteaching of previous concepts?
When any of these behaviors are noticed by a teacher the first step is to involve the parents.
After the parents have been contacted and these questions have been answered, A teacher must decide what interventions should be used in order to help the student succeed.
in the referral process is to contact the student's parents.
Are there issues at home that could be causing a learning delay?
is to contact the student's previous teachers to gain some insight into the student's past performances.
is RTI, or Response to Intervention. These interventions can be small group or one-on-one.
Interventions must be tracked. If they do not work, new interventions must be implemented. If after a minimum of six weeks these interventions are not helping the student succeed
it is time
to convene a meeting so the team administration, teachers, school counselor and/or psychologist) can determine if there is enough information to refer the student for an evaluation.
Parents have the right to ask for a referral meeting, according to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and the school must give the evaluation within 60 days. The school psychologist will administer the test which will determine if the student is eligible for special educations services. This process is called a
Possible interventions to help a struggling student succeed and close the learning gap.
These interventions could be peer support, chunking assignments, preferential seating, organizational support or many others found in the Pre-Referral Intervention Manual (PRIM).
Some interventions can be as simple as chunking assignments, or differentiating instruction to include more visual and auditory components.