Holiday History (newsletter) (5) Memorial Day (Parades in states across…
Holiday History (newsletter)
1) Valentines day
Feb. = Month of Love
1st St. Valentine Case: Emperor Claudius II thought single men were better warriors, St. Valentine disliked young men not being able to marry, continued performing marriages in secret, got ordered to death by Claudius II.
2nd Case: He actually made "valentine greeting", made into card. He was in prison, liked girl who visited him, fell in love, before death he signed card "from your Valentine." Still use expression today.
Article from Newsela, named History of Valentine's Day.
Fun fact: About 150 million Valentine's Day cards are exchanged every year, making Valentine's Day the second most popular card-sending holiday after Christmas.
festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in)
October 31 celebrated Samhain, when believed that ghosts of dead returned to earth.
people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off ghosts
big bonfires, parades, and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels and devils.
Link to source
Fun fact: 1/4 of the candy sold in the U.S. every year is for Halloween!
First celebrations had activities like sharing stories of the dead, telling each other’s fortunes, and dancing and singing.
Americans began to dress up and go house to house asking for food or money
avoid crossing paths with black cats, afraid they might bring us bad luck.
people believed that witches avoided detection by turning themselves into black cats
Parents were encouraged to take anything frightening out of Halloween celebrations
5) Memorial Day
Parades in states across the States, incorporating military generals, comrades, etc.
Fun fact: Each year on Memorial Day, a moment of remembrance takes place at 3:00 p.m. local time.
People also celebrate by visiting cemeteries, and, much less sad, take weekend trips or throw parties/barbecues on the holiday, possibly because it unofficially marks the beginning of summer
unclear where tradition originated
Federal government declared Waterloo, New York, official birthplace of Memorial Day in 1966.
Memorial Day 2018 falls on May 28.
celebrated on last Monday of May
Memorial Day designated for the remembrance of people who died defending their country, and whose bodies now lie in many cities, villages and churchyards across the land
3) Mother's Day
held festivals in honor of mother goddesses Rhea and Cybele
Mothering Sunday tradition shifted into holiday, children would present mothers with flowers + other items of appreciation
American Mother’s Day in 1930s and 1940s
President Woodrow Wilson signed a measure officially establishing the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day.
Fun fact: More phone calls are made on Mother’s Day than any other day of the year.
May 1908 Anna Jarvis organized the first official Mother’s Day celebration
Mother’s Day also been a date for launching causes
1968 Coretta Scott King, wife of Martin Luther King Jr., used Mother’s Day to host march in support of underprivileged women + children
1970s women’s groups used holiday as time to highlight the need for equal rights + access to childcare
4) Veteran's Day
In 1968 Uniform Holidays Bill was passed by Congress, which moved celebration of Veterans Day to fourth Monday in October instead of November 11, but President Gerald Ford returned Vets Day to November 11 due to important historical significance of date.
Canada has Remembrance Day but Britain has Remembrance Sunday (second Sunday of November)
In Europe, Great Britain and Commonwealth countries it's common to observe two minutes of silence at 11 a.m. on November 11.
Fun fact: 2 million veterans are women.
1954, President Dwight Eisenhower changed name of holiday from Armistice Day to Veterans Day.
originated as “Armistice Day” on Nov. 11, 1919
Definition of armistice according to Google: an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
first anniversary of the end of World War I
6) Father's Day
Richard Nixon signed a proclamation making Father’s Day a federal holiday in 1972
Struggling retailers and advertisers redoubled their efforts to make Father’s Day a “second Christmas” for men
Father’s Day this year, 2018, is on June 17.
woman named Sonora Smart Dodd helped Washington have its first annual Father's Day
Fun fact: There are more than 70 million fathers in the US alone!
A West Virginia church honored fathers for the first time in 1908 on July 5, specifically in memory of the 362 men who had died in a coal mine from an explosion, but it was a one-time thing and not annual.