Georgia's Role in the Civil Rights Movement (Albany Movement (-Began…
Georgia's Role in the Civil Rights Movement
Supreme Court Case - Brown vs. Board of Education
-Happened in 1951
-Oliver Brown claimed that segregation in Topeka schools was unconstitutional
-Supreme Court ruled in favor of Oliver Brown
1956 Georgia State Flag Concerns
-Governor Marvin Griffin came up with the idea to change the state flag
-The flag had half Confederate symbols, and so upset African Americans since the confederates stood in favor of slavery and racism
-However flag ended up becoming Georgia's new flag on February 9, 1956.
-Began fall 1961 and ended in summer 1962
-First mass movement in the modern civil rights era to have the goal of desegregation
-1,000 African Americans were jailed around Albany
-Martin Luther King Jr. was drawn into the movement in December, 1961
-Martin Luther King worked for civil rights a lot in this area
-In 1960 Governor Ernest Vandiver Jr. was forced to decide between closing or desegregating schools
-Instead, he assigned a commission to get the state residents' opinion on the matter
March on Washington/1964 Civil Rights Act
-Ended segregation in public schools and banned employment discriminations on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin
-Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "i Have a Dream" speech during the march on Washington D.C.
-Many African Americans showed up to march on Washington D.C.
-Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commitee
-Founded by African American college students
-Was made to speed up changes by the Brown vs. Board of Education
-Southern Christian Leadership Conference
-Founded by Martin Luther King Jr.
-The purpose was to carry on non-violent crusades