North American Civilizations (Adena images (9) (Were first to use…
North American Civilizations
Were first to use agriculture and grew crops like squash, sunflowers, and barley.
Known for jewelry and massive burial mounds.
One group of Woodland people were the Adenas, who emerged in 700 BC.
Southeastern US was home to Eastern Woodland peoples.
Made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery.
Eventually abandoned cities and region but culture continued to influence others.
Used adobes and stone to build multi-storied houses.
Used dams, ditches, and canals to bring water to crops in the bottom of canyons.
Fertile soil from rivers allowed for crops like maize and beans.
By 1300 AD Mississippi culture collapses but has lasting effect on other cultures.
Formed around the Mississippi River in 800 AD.
Large farms led to large cities, At center of cities were large mounds that had temples at the top.
Participated in a trade network that went from Wyoming, to the Gulf Coast, to the Great Lakes, and to the Atlantic.
Adena and Hopewell were known as “Mound Builders”.
The Hopewell group emerged in the Ohio Valley in 300 BC.
flourished along rivers in the north.