The thirty years war D100 (15 facts about the 30 years war D102 ( The…
The thirty years war D100
Started in 1618 and ended 1648
It was a war about the 'Protestant Reformation'
In 1555 an attempt was made to settle everything
the Peace of Augsburg was made
the idea of cuiu regno, Eius religio which is basically they had the choice, whoever reings his religion
If the want to be lutheran they could be Lutheran
If they want to be Catholic they could be Catholic
But they cannot be Calvinist because Calvinists really aren't going to care wether their religion is illegal or not
After fighting amongst themselves for about 30 years they tried to settle
So what happens when you have a ruler who is Catholic ruling over a Protestant majority?
To address this, Emperor Rudolf II granted Protestant toleration through a Letter of Majesty in 1609
Rudolf's house, the house of Hapsburg, all decided that he is not exactly what they're looking for in an Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
so he was replaced by his brother, Matthias
By the time he had taken fully over, he realized that as an aging, childess monarch he was not doing anyone any favors and so ended up handing over rulership to his cousin
Firdinand II took power in 1617 as Holy Roman Emperor and the King of Bohamia
He was a devout Catholic and so, after ascending to rulership, he decided to revoke the Letter of Majesty
Where did it began?
Most of it was fought in the Holy Roman Empire
The Reformation happened
The war of the Reformation
15 facts about the 30 years war D102
The real strength of the Holy Roman Empire was in its regional power states, such as those within the area of the present day Germany.
One of the factors contributing to the wide-spread division of the Habsburg-subject German states was the tradition of Partible inheritance.
Contrary to what one may think, the Holy Roman Empire was not at all unified.
The Thirty Years’ War resulted in a complete redefinition of European structure of power.
The countries sharing borders with the Holy Roman Empire contributed quite extensively to the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War.
For Austria and Bavaria the end of the Thirty Years’ War resulted both in losses and gains.
However helpful, the Peace of Augsburg did not resolve the social tensions completely.
The Peace of Westphalia laid a foundation for a modern day sovereign nation-state.
The Peace of Augsburg also extended its provisions to territorial cause.
The Thirty Years’ War consequences were not restricted to Europe alone.
The peace of Augsburg was the starting point of the conflict.
The Thirty Years’ War was quite a devastating conflict.
Sweden intervened in 1640, led by the prominent general Gustavus Adolphus.
The Bohemian citizens wanted to get rid of the Habsburgs and they did so in electing Frederick V, Elector of Palatinate.
The onset of the war was marked by the newly elected Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II imposing religious uniformity on all his lands.