What was the Renaissance?
The revival or rebirth of interest in the learning of ancient Greece and Rome
It began in Italy in the 14 century, mainly in the city of Florence and spread to other European country's
What does renaissance mean?
Revival or rebirth
Runs of ancient Rome
These were studied and copied by Italian artists and by artists from Northern Europe
Fall of Constantinople
Many scholars (educated people) fled to Italy before the city of Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Tonks in 1453
Scholars brought with then the learning of ancient Greece and Rome
The printing press
This invention meant that cheaper books so knowledge was spread around
Wealth and parronage
Italy grew rich from trade so Italian merchants and rulers sponsored the work of artists
City states competed with each other to produce great works of art and architecture
How do we know about the Renaissance?
Art and architecture, such as the paintings, sculptures and buildings of the Renaissance
Documentary evidence, such as the notebooks of Leonardo de Vinci and Vasari's Lives if the Artists
What was Humanism?
Was a revived interest in the work of ancient Greece and Rome
The printing press led to increased education and literacy and spread new ideas
Fostered a questioning spirit in which old ideas were no longer accepted without question
Questioning spirit led to the Age of Exploration and to new scientific discoveries
New knowledge in geography, science, medicine and astronomy
New developments in painting, sculpture and architecture
Changes in art and architecture
Renaissance style clothes
Variety of colours
Portraits of leaders
Oil with colours so that the paint dried more slowly and artists could vary colours and shading
Increased use of canvas
What is a Fresco?
A fresco is a painting done on damp plaster so that the painting becomes part of the plaster
Michelangelo's ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
People were realistic and lifelike
Roman style architecture (classical architecture)
Lorenzo de Medici and Patronage
Lorenzo de Medici (the Magnificent)
Supported that arts
Leonardo de Vinci
Collected manuscripts in a private library
Set up a school of sculpture to train young sculptors
Ruled Florence and were great patrons of the art
Who were patrons of the arts?
These were wealthy merchants or rulers who paid artists to paint pictures, make sculptures or design (e.g. Popes)
What is sfumato?
A painting which Leonardo used to blur the outline of figures and blend them into their surrounding
Leonardo's painting the Mona Lisa
What happened to medicine during the Renaissance?
Several important developments
Human body began to be studied
People wrote on the structure of the human body
It was discovered that blood circulated around the body