Accomplishment in 21st Century onwards
in 21st Century onwards
Fayol Approach (administrative theory)
Taylor’s 4 principles
Study the way workers perform their tasks, gather all informational job knowledge that workers possess and experiment
Codify the new methods of performing tasks into written rules and standard operating procedures.
Carefully select workers who possess skills and abilities that match the needs of the task, and train them to perform the task
Establish a fair or acceptable level of performance for a task and then develop a pay system that provides a reward for performance above the acceptable level.
Helped large organizations to function in a more stable, organized and systematic manner
But charismatic leadership, individuality and creativity is often sacrificed
Required to obey rules and do only what they are told.
Think “outside the box”
Very difficult to adapt to changing environments and new challenges.
Acceptance Theory to Authority
Summarized perceptions of the role of management and the qualities of a good manager.
The field of management and managers could profit from other expertise (eg. economics, psychology and engineering)
The Functions of the Executive