Ecology of Nonparental Child Care (High Quality programs: ( Promote…
Ecology of Nonparental Child Care
Noneparental child care, or day care: the care given to children by persons other than parents during the parts of the day that parents are absent.
Extended day care: the care provided for children before or after school hours or during vacations.
High Quality programs:
Promote positive relationships for all children and adults
Implement a curriculum that fosters all areas of child development- cognitive, emotional, language, physical, and social.
Use developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate and effective teaching approaches.
provide ongoing assessments of child progress
Promote the nutrition and health of children and staff
Employ and support qualified teaching staff
Establish and maintain collaborative relationships with families.
Establish and maintain relationships and use recourses of the community.
Provide a safe and healthy physical environment.
Implement strong program management policies that result in high- quality service.
child has been used during the 20th century for:
Chronosystem reflects the following areas of concern
Separation from Mother
Child care setting
children who carry their own key and let themselves into their homes
the goals and objections of an educational program, the teachers role, the equipment and materials, the space arrangement, the kinds of activities, and the way they are scheduled.
Teacher-directed curriculum: a curriculum in which the learning activities are planned by the teacher for all the children.
Learner-directed curriculum: a curriculum in which the learning activities emerge from individual interests and teacher guidance.
Cognitively oriented curriculum: a curriculum that attempts to blend the virtues of purposeful teaching with open ended, child-initiated activities.
assimilation: a piagetian term for mental adaptation to ones environment by incorporation experiences.
accommodation: a piagetian term for mental adaptation to ones environment by reconciling differences of experiences.
equilibrium: a piagetiam term for the state of balance between assimilation and accommodation, thereby allowing knowledge to be incorporated.
direct instruction curriculum: a curriculum based on behaviorist principles.
Montessori curriculum: a curriculum based on individual self directed learning with the teacher as facilitator; materials provide exercises in daily living, sensory development, and academic development.
Developmental interaction curriculum: a curriculum that is individualized in relation to each child's stage of development while providing many opportunities for children to interact with peers and adults.
Tools of the mind curriculum: a curriculum based on Vygotsk's socialcultural theory of learning and Garder's theory of five minds for the future.