Unit 4: Music and Emotions (Chapter 29 (The strings were the key to the…
Unit 4: Music and Emotions
The strings were the key to the classical orchestra.
Haydn is very important for classical symphonies. His last 12 symphonies are considered masterpieces and are characterized by sudden crescendos, accents and syncopation.
Rocket theme is a quickly ascending rhythmic melody
Steamroller effect is a drawn-out crescendo
Technical improvements in the 19th century led to the development of the modern concert grand piano.
All of Frédéric Chopin's compositions were on the piano. He is often credited with creating the modern piano style.
études are highly virtuosic and technical study
Nocturnes is a “Night piece”; introspective work common in the
Mazurkas are a type of Polish folk dance in triple meter.
Polonaise is a stately Polish processional dance in triple meter.
Character piece is a short, lyric piano work often with a descriptive title.
Rubato is expressive and rhythmic freedom by speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece by the preformer
Absolute music is music that has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial
Romantic symphonies were characterized by lyrical
themes, colorful harmonies, expanded proportions,
and larger orchestras featuring new instruments.
The first movement of a symphony usually remains
in sonata-allegro form, and the third is most often
a spirited scherzo
Johannes Brahms continued the classical
traditions in his four
symphonies. His third symphony is classical in
structure but romantic in tone.
LG19: Haydn’s “Military” Symphony
One of the twelve “London” symphonies
Movement 2: Allegretto; A-B-A' form, C major
Dramatic effects of the piece include contrasts, daring modulations, and trumpet fanfare
LG34: Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 in F Major
Aimed to show new and important things but still in the tradition of the Classical masters
Romantic in tone, classical in form
Third Movement: Poco allegretto; A- B- A' form, C minor
Three-Note Motive throughout the whole Symphony: F Ab F “Frei aber froh” meaning "free but happy"