Born to die (Noble david Cook) (Tawantinsuyu (measles (introduction in…
Born to die (Noble david Cook)
Black legend was a powerful explanation that other nations used
p. 1 - 4 have a lot of violence in the Americas
La Casas acknowledges disease on p. 9
p. 9 more Indians died because of diseases than of warfare
despite most of the scholars acknowledging now the importance of diseases or most of the blame, you still have advocates of the spanish theory-> Marxist and neomarxist.
continuation of the Black Legend
TS Floyd -> the issue of the Spanish cruelty to the Indian seems to have acquired even more distortion in recent years than it commonly carried, having entangled with racism, modern ideas of liberty and other notions appropriate to the historical context.
the Spanish shocking th indigenous people (p.17)
columbus was the best real estate agent at the time
figures of the initial population vary drastically but not about the early 16th century. . The 1508 population stood at 60000 as Miguel de Pasamonte reports. According to Diego Columbus it then dropped within two years to 33,523. By 1542 it was less than 2000
The Black Legend
p. 25 The Dutch, English French and even the Portuguese who lived under the Spanish king from 1580 to 1640 became fervently anti-Spanish. Therefore the disease factor was largely overlooked.
David Henige found no convinvicing evidence for epidemics prior to 1518
a lot of Columbus man died as well during the second expedition (p.31)
The Deaths of Aztec Cuitlahuac and Inca Huayna Capac
Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón -> p. 64 because of his expedition the disease broke out. He travelled there from Cuba. He said that the disease had been brought by natives from Cuba
among the men of Naraez there was a man sick with smallpox
p. 65 -> it began in Cuatlán. When they finally took notice it was already fully developed. From there it went to Chalco
was a very able leader and died as well because of the illness()p. 68). Afterwards came cuitlahuatzin who only ruled for 8 days
speaks of a paralysing effect on the Aztecs (p. 69)
came to Yucatan roughly the same time it reached Mexico
Diego de Landa -> sickness took place 1516 or earlier
Annals of the Cakchiquels recorded that a great and mortal epidemic swept into the area five years prior to the campaign of Pedro de Alvarado tht would have placed the epidermis in 1519 as well
pustules are not included in the account of Diego de Land and therefore there is a debate whether it was pustules or not.
Goegoe Lovell -> the balance of commentary might favour smallpox but not unanimously so.
Huayna Caopac fell victim to the disease
the history of the Andean America was primarily written by mestizos an europeans but not by indigenous people
p. 76 it was not until the 1550s that the Spaniards would turn a serious search for the nature of the past of Tawantinsuyu
Pedro de Cieza de Leon an Juan Betanzos. Both had been fighters in the campaign and were more or less self-taught historians.
Huayna Capac at first named his 1 month son as his successor and - son dies as well . Before that he named Athahuallpa and later Huascar
dates of the events as well p. 77 Inca rulers death 1526 - 28
Cieza states that there was divergence between the informants who should rule what
Spanish sources from page 78
the civil war that followed was bloody and ruthless (p. 81)
introduction in central america in 1530s