DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE CONTEXT
DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE
Darwin's theory of evolution in 1859, ideas that were published very difficult for people to accept.
uses Darwinism to make Hyde seem de-evolution as he is a lower form of life
Pharmacology- a new science which studies the effect chemicals have on the body
Psychology- how the mind interacts with the body
graphology- popular pseudo science, claims it reveal aspects of a persons personality through their handwriting
physiognomy- another pseudo science, tell someones character by the way they look
links to the ideas of Kaspar Lavater, 'an exact relationship exists between the soul and the body'
Edinburgh had a very famous medical school and he would have been familiar with their reputation
doctor who attends to the girl has a 'strong Edinburgh accent'
born in Edinburgh in 1850
stevenson studies law at university, therefore giving him some insight for Uttersons character
became an atheist, J&H deals with problems faced by the christian church such as the nature of evil.
human experience on the margins of normality with horror, madness and extremes of emotions such as dispair
supernatural elements, the transformation is paranormal
dark and mysterious, the perpetual fog and darkness
Dracula, Frankenstein, Wuthering heights. As well as this the story of Dorian Gray features a character with a split personality after selling his soul to a picture to remain young
there were rich people but there were also very poor people who lived in very overcrowded and squalid conditions.
the fog, very thick and dense caused by the hundreds of coal fires being burnt made up of smog and soot. it is used to create a dark, gloomy atmosphere and hid wrongdoings and crimes.
Reputation was highly valued, so upper classes were expected to live a life of restraint and to behave in a polite way
important parts of the story are recorded in legal documents, which are like witness statements giving them an aura of authenticity
Utterson is a lawyer, the will that he is in charge of first arouses his suspicions