Age of Discovery (Why did Europeans conquer new lands? (Spread of…
Age of Discovery
Why did Europeans conquer new lands?
Spread of Christianity
Colonies = increase in wealth
Find a new route to the East since Turks had took Constantinople in 1453.
Bring new imports from colonies (potatoes, tomatoes, beans, pumpkins, tea, rice, corn, carpets, silk, porcelain, silver bullion, cotton, sugar, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, spices)
1492: Columbus discovers the West Indies and America
Columbus: "God, Gold and Cathay"
His demands were:
To be knighted
Made Admiral of the Ocean Sea
Viceroy of any new lands
Awarded 10% of any new revenue
September 26, 1493: Papal Bull issued by Pope Alexander VI creating a line of demarcation: West for Spain, East for Portugal.
This created conflicts between Spain and England over trade and colonies
1275: Marco Polo reaches Peking
His writings inspired the Age of Exploration
Prince Henry the Navigator sets up school for sailors and shipbuilders.
By the time of his death, his sailors had got as far as Cape Verde
1481: John II becomes King
1488: Bartholomew Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope
1497-99: Vasco da Gama reaches Calicut
1513: Portuguese ships reach Canton, China
1498: John Cabot discovers Newfoundland
1499: Amerigo Vespucci discovers the mouth of the Amazon river
1519-21: Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigates the globe
Cortes and the Aztecs
1522: Pizarro and the Incas
1513: Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean