DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE THEMES
DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE
APPEARANCE VS REALITY
Jekyll is considered respectable, yet feels he hides a dark inner identity
hyde appears to be normal but just an ugly person
'child of hell'
the idea of blackmail
Lanyons illness looks physical but is actually as a result of seeing hyde transform
Utterson assuming Jekyll's odd behaviour is because he is ill and is looking for a cure
Stevenson suggests that we have both:
a base, physical
a higher part, behaviour and the mind
Jekyll is conflicted between his instinct and how he
should behave in order to be accepted by society.
Duality is presented though Jekyll who...
sees it as natural
'though the primitive duality of man'
believes it is a source of misery
'lies at the root of religion and is one of the most
plentiful springs of ditress'
recognises two parts
'divide and compound'
suggests it might not just be dual but a
'polity of multifarious, incongruent and independent denizens'
BODY AND SOUL; the image of the soul struggling is a common motif in christianity. Also shown by ancient Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Plato.
GOOD AND EVIL
Hyde's evil lies in being entirely selfish
'alone in the ranks of mankind, pure evil'
Jekyll did work for charities, is religious and a good friend
'one of your fellows who did what they call good'
Hyde's violence and destruction are contrasted with the goodness of his victims
the innocent small girl, Carew and the book that hyde defaces
there is little evidence of good but many aspects that we consider 'good' are defined in relation to what is bad.
Utterson and Enfield are friends
'it was a nut to crack for many, what these two could see in each other'
Utterson, Lanyon and Jekyll
Jekyll and Lanyon are also professional friends but fall out
it also spurs investigation...
leads utterson to investigate Hyde
poole asks utterson to help him out on the final night
Jekyll asks Lanyon for help
Lanyon has a practical, rational type of science
described by hyde showing 'narrow and material views'
Jekyll has a more mystical approach
Lanyon views this as 'unscientific balderdash' and 'scientific heresies'
Lanyons account shows the effect on himself seeing hyde, appearance of the chemicals and physical symptoms of hyde as he changed
Jekyll points out how the potion itself does not cause good or evil.
'the drug has no discriminating action' and 'shook the very fortress of identity'
DILEMMAS AND CONSEQUENCES
lanyon dies as a consequence of discovering th truth
Jekyll faces the consequence of losing his identity to mr hyde
utterson faces a dilhema with the incriminating letter
RESPECTABILITY AND REPRESSION
Presented as social norms and expectations
repression is presented through hyde
Jekyll hides his desires in order to maintain an image of respectability s