CHD CHAPTER 6
CHD CHAPTER 6
FUNCTIONS OF NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
Illustrators: nonverbal behaviors that accompany and support spoken words.
Emblems: describe deliberate nonverbal behaviors that have precise meanings known to everyone within a cultural group.
TYPES OF NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
haptics: the study of touch in human behavior.
Distance => proxemics: Preferred spaces are largely a matter of cultural norms.
Intimate distance: begin with skin contact and ranges to about 18 inches.
Personal distance: ranges from 18 inches at its closest point to 4 feet at its farthest.
Social distance: Range from 4 to about 12 feet.
Public distance: farthest zone, running outward from 12 feet.
Territoriality: Whereas personal space is the invisible bubble we carry around as an extension of our physical being, territory is fixed space.
Face and Eyes
affect blends: the combination of two or more expressions showing different emotions are possible.
Paralanguage: describe nonverbal, vocal messages.
Disfluencies: Vocal interruptions such as stammering and use of "uh", "um", and "er".
POSTURE and GESTURE
Kinesics: the study of body movement, gesture,and posture.
Chronemics: the study of how humans use and structure time
Monochronic: the use of time that emphasizes punctuality, schedules, and completing one task at a time.
Polychronic: the use of time that emphasizes flexible schedules in which multiple tasks are pursued at the same time.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION IS AMBIGUOUS
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION DIFFERS FROM VERBAL COMMUNICATION
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION IS PRIMARILY RELATIONAL
NONVERBAL CUES HELPS US MANAGE OUR IDENTITIES.
NONVERBAL CUES CONVEY EMOTION
Affect displays: facial expression, body movements, and vocal traits described in this chapter.
NONVERBAL CUES HELP US DEFINE OUR RELATIONSHIPS
NONVERBAL SKILLS ARE IMPORTANT
NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR HAS COMMUNICATIVE VALUE
BUILDING COMPETENCE IN NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
USE PERCEPTION CHECKING.
PAY ATTENTION TO YOUR OWN NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR.
TURN OUT WORDS.
INFLUENCES ON NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
MY EXPERIENCE ON THIS CHAPTER
Function - Contradicting: "Angry? No, I'm not angry!" (yelling with a red face)
Influence - Culture: In my culture, we do not hug to say hi or shake hand to introduce yourself to new people. The truth is we say hi with a bow, both arms crossed to show respect. In fact, when I used that way to say hi to my instructor, he was really surprised since American culture has different way to show respect.
Apparently, I have not found any confusion in this concept of nonverbal communication because the definitions are clear so far, and the examples are universal in life.
What I am curious about is type of nonverbal communication which includes the idea of appearance. It is interesting that the way you look also have a communicative sign for people around you, so that I want to know how it would operate in any situations.
What surprised me is that Nonverbal communication is the function of this type of communication. Before reading this, I usually assume that nonverbal language are used to mostly send informative signals with the idea that the receiver knows what we want.