Early Years of British Rule (Maitland's Reforms (Church-State…
Early Years of British Rule
1801: Alexander Ball established as Civil Commissioner
Peace Treaty of Amiens 1802
British had to evacuate
Power would return to the Knights
Great Powers guarantee neutrality of the Order
Maltese nobles accepted as Knights
Maltese were to share government
Declaration of the Rights of the Inhabitants of Malta and Gozo
Maltese declare their rights and their wish to be governed by the British.
Malta becomes a Protectorate (de facto) in 1802.
Set up government departments
Took a firm hold on finances
1807: made corsairing illegal
Pototo crop and cotton
Malta is a Crown Colony (de jure) - 1813
Hildebrand Oakes Royal Commission 1811 - 1812
Government posts should be set up
Rent on government property to be reduced
Setting up of a Consiglio Popolare (Advisory Council)
Malta was to have a military governor.
Administration of justice on the English model
English & Italian official government languages
Plague of 1813 - 1814 - Qormi mostly affected
Maitland (Governor) issues quarantine regulations
Government positions: Chief Secretary, Treasurer, Auditor, Crown Advocate, Superintendent of Quarantine, Collector of Customs, Superintendent of Marine Police, Office of Port Duties, Collector of Land Revenue
Police corps in 1814 headed by an Inspector General
Encouraged the export of Maltese goods
Made Malta a centre for transit trade between Europe and the East
Reduced custom duties (export duty and transit duty abolished; quarantine fee reduced)
1818: Board of Grain Supply
Commercial Court, Civil Court, Criminal Court
Court of Appeal divided into Civil and Commerical halls
Supreme Court of Justice = Governor + 2 judges
Corsairing, slavery and torture abolished.
1815: St John becomes a Catholic Co-Cathedral owned by the state but run by the Church.
1822: Mortmain Law - law not put into practice
1828: Privilegium fori and right of sanctuary abolished
Normal School (voluntary education organisation) - plan fell short because Government did not give it financial backing.