Reinforcing and Providing Feedback & Cooperative Learning (Use…
Reinforcing and Providing Feedback & Cooperative Learning
Provides opportunities for students to interact in ways that enhance and deepen their learning.
Self-efficacy: beliefs about one’s competency.
Students develop a better understanding of their work
Control beliefs: beliefs about one’s ability to influence what is happening or will happen.
Help them finish task or internalize the learning
Intrinsic motivation: motivation that comes from an individual’s desire for self-satisfaction or pleasure in completing the task rather than from an external source, such as a reward.
Task value: beliefs about reasons for doing a task.
She students notice their hard work, they may change how they feel about school
Teach students about the relationship between effort and achievement.
Teacher should incorporate this into their lessons regularly
People can help them succeed, but also get in their way of succeeding
Provide students with explicit guidance about exactly what it means to expend effort.
Just because a student writes notes does not mean the have an understanding of the information
Ask students to keep track of their effort and achievement.
Give students a rubric to see how much effort they are putting in
Promote a mastery-goal orientation.
Instead of comparing students' performances, emphasize learning and meeting goals
Provide praise that is specific and aligned with expected performance and behaviors.
Use concrete symbols of recognition.
Promote self-efficacy and improved performance
Include elements of both positive interdependence and individual accountability.
Allows students to interact on a deeper level
Keep group size small.
Studens will feel included and make more contributions
Use cooperative learning consistently and systematically.
Balance cooperative and independence learning
Allows students to give feedback to one and another for better learning experiences