The driving energies: chemical energy and Thermal dynamics (Thermal…
The driving energies: chemical energy and Thermal dynamics
Breaking acquires energy
Forming releases energy
energy released each M of matter
The state of chaos
negative: non spontaneously
Gibbs free energy
Kinetic theory of molecules
rate of effusion ∝ 1/M^(1/2)
State of matter
The internal energy of an isolated system is constant.
Heat cannot spontaneously flow from a colder location to a hotter location.
As a system approaches absolute zero(-273.15), all processes cease and the entropy of the system approaches a minimum value.