LA Presentation draft D94 (Forest ecosystem structure (Primary Consumers,…
LA Presentation draft D94
What is it?
Forest ecology is the scientific study of the interrelated patterns, processes, flora, fauna and ecosystems in forests.
A forest ecosystem is a natural woodland unit consisting of all plants, animals and micro-organisms (Biotic components) in that area functioning together with all of the non-living physical (abiotic) factors of the environment.
The forest ecosystem is very important
What kind of animal live in the forest?
Are all common
Forest ecosystem structure
Green plants are the producers of this ecosystem
There are four layers of plants in this ecosystem
The emergent layers includes huge tree towering 165 feet or more that are spaced far apart
Canpony trees are closely spaced and are about 65 to 165 feet high
They provide fruits, nectar and seeds to many creatures
The understory has very few plants as it receives very little sunlight
Almost nothing grows on the forest floor as it is devoid of sunlight
Some of these creatures eat grasses and leaves
The capybara, a semi-aquatic rodent, lives on the forest floor and thrives on grasses and water plants
These are the herbivores that depend on green plants for food
Other primary consumers that live in the canopy, such as the red howler monkey, feed on fruits, nuts, leaves and flowers
These include some monkeys such as golden lion tamarins, which eat fruits as well as insects and frogs
Giant anteaters living on the forest floor and tamanduas feed on ants and termites
Secondary consumers are the creatures that feed on the herbivores
Apart from bacteria, ants and termites are important decomposers of this ecosystem
Millipedes and earthworms also help to break down dead matter
The decomposers break down dead plants and animals, returning the nutrients to the soil to be made usable by the producers
The warm and moist climate of this region is conducive for the decomposers to work at a rapid pace