accents & dialects theorists (Trudgill and Giles' aesthetic…
accents & dialects theorists
'dialects have simply developed in different directions and no one is linguistically better than another'
'to make anyone feel so ashamed is as indefensible as to make feel ashamed of the colour of his skin'
states that rural accents are judged positively that are seen as 'musical' whereas urban accents are seen as negative 'gutteral'
Howard Giles - matched guise test
rp + south welsh + somerset accent, social, rural, rural accents
rp was favoured in terms of competency, educated background & authoritative
less favourable in terms of integriry, no social background was revealed. shows industiousness
18 adjective traits were collected
Howard Giles & Trughill capital punishment
500 17 year olds were given a questionnair about capital punishment
equal mix of sexes, set up prepared lectures (rp, typescript, somerset, birmingham, south welsh)
those who heard RP were more enthusiastic and thought that the presentation was polished and showed authoritativeness
after a week. those who heard the rp accent changed their opinion and switched to the region accent as they felt it was more open and shows honesty
Trudgill and Giles' aesthetic judgements test
used informants from
US, Ireland, England, Canada, Scotland
little correlation between aesthetic preferences for English-speaking informants
therefore judgements on accents are based on social connotations
outsiders did not distinguish Norwich accent variations as they were not exposed to the social connotations
Trudgill good & bad language
multiple negation in Detroit "I don't want none"
3rd person verb inflections in Norwich e.g. 'I goes'
Norwich & Bradford (h-dropping)
Glasgow - glottal stops
New York & reading - post vocalic 'r'