NAZI GERMANY UNIT 3 PART 2 (Controlling views of religion (Catholics owed…
NAZI GERMANY UNIT 3 PART 2
Nationalist socialist League
All judges must be members
Nazi party interests always more important than the law
Hitler abolished trial by jury
Hitler set up new peoples court to hear all cases of treason and offences against the state.
1934-1939, 534 people sentenced to death for political offences.
Controlling views of religion
Catholics owed their first allegiance to the pope
catholics had their own schools which taught different values to nazi state schools
July 1933, Hitler reached a Concordat with the pope
Hitler agreed not to interfere with catholic schools
Catholic church agreed its priests would not interfere in politics and ordered German bishops to swear loyalty to the NATIONALIST SOCIALIST REGIME.
However hitler did not stick to these terms and he harasses priests and put them In concentration camps etc,.
1937, Pope realised concordat was useless so he issued criticism of the nazi regime.
protestant churches that favoured working with the nazis in 1936, combined to form the REICH CHURCH.
Goebells was head of propaganda.
NAZI USE OF NEWSPAPERS 1,600 newspapers closed down in 1935 alone.
Journalists sometimes told that they could not publish- censorship
Regular meetings given direct instructions on what to write.
1933, goebells censored radio stations and used them to broadcast Nazi propaganda.
Hitler made frequent broadcasts
By 1939, 70% go German homes had a radio.
Radios could not pick up foreign stations
A mass rally was held each year at NUREMBERG to create a sense of German unity and advertise strength of the Nazi party.
NAZI USE OF SPORT
covered sports stadium with nazi symbols
Salute was performed during German national anthem.
BERLIN OLYMPICS 1936- Nazis built stadium
1933- Reich chamber of culture
which made sure arts were displaying nazi ideas. Also banned some cultural activity.
1936, over 12,000 paintings and sculptures were removed from art galleries.
gestapo made surprise visits to art studios
No new music could be published without the approval of the chamber of culture and books were censored.