PLANT KINGDOM: :smiley: :white_flower: :<3: (General characteristics: …
:smiley: :white_flower: :<3:
Types of plants.
FLOWERING PLANTS WITH SEEDS.
: pollen grains travel from the flower to one plant to another by the wind or carried by insect.
when a pollen grain reaches the stigma, it creates a long pollen tube that reaches the ovary, where it fertilizes an ovule.
the fertilized ovule ( the
) becomes a
the ovary becomes a fruit, that protects the seeds.
by a fruit.
They have colorful and complex
Examples: pines; cypresses.
The most important group:
Seeds protected by
Their seeds are
by a fruit.
They have a reproductive organ: The
They have roots, stems and leaves.
They are vascular plants.
They reproduce from
true roots, stems ( called
) and leaves (called
( they have xylem and phloem ).
true roots, stems or leaves.
( they don't have xylem or phloem ).
They can't move around.
They are multicellular.
They are autotrophs ( photosynthesis ).
They have eukaryotic plant cells.
Nudeus in one side.
( to transport substances ).
From the leaves to the rest of the plant.
Transport elaborated sap
( nutrients formed through photosyntesis ).
From the roots to the leaves.
Transport raw sap ( water + mineral salt ).
( to produce energy ).
It needs oxygen and produce CO2.
Organic compounds + oxygen produce energy.
( to produce their own food ).
In this process, plants take CO2 and produce O2.
The chloroplast contain chlorophyll; that captures sunlight.
It occurs in leaves and green stems.
They take inorganic compounds and produce organic compounds.