Calendars, Constellations and Astrology (Different Calendars (Facts about…
Calendars, Constellations and Astrology
The calendar was a refinement in 1582 to the Julian Calendar amounting to a 0.002% correction in the length of the year
Early Roman Calendar
The Romans created their own calendar by taking some parts from the older Greek calendar. It consisted of 10 months in a year of 304 days, ignoring 61 days.
The 10 months were named Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November and December
Named after Julius Caesar, the Julian calendar has a regular year of 365 days with 12 months. A leap day is added every 4 yeas in February and in reality is 365.25 days
Facts about calendars
In today's world, we use the Gregorian calendar, named after pope Gregory
A leap year is a year that is exactly divisible by four, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400.
September, June, and November have 30 days. All the rest have 31 except February, which varies in 28 and 29 depending if it is a leap year or not.
There's a proposal of a new calendar called the International Fixed Calendar, which consists of 13 months divided in 28 days exactly. The new month is called Sol and would be between June and July.
Curiosity played an important role in ancient times, early man asked himself questions and observed how the different bodies in sky moved in a pattern. This helped to define the time, harvesting crops, religious ceremonies and expansion.
Constellations are groups of starts that seem to form a picture in the sky. They are named with Greek and Roman names, but people mapped the sky before these empires took hold. There are 88 known and recorded constellations which contain many objects. No one really knows who really started constellations
Ancient people believed that the space had a direct connection with the events that happened in the world such as tragedies, harvests and even wars. They became really interested in astrology.
Early astronomers believed that the position of the planet rising over the horizon or at the top of the sky at a person's birth foretold the potential character and destiny of that person
Pseudo-science is a practice which says to be scientific, but does not apply a scientific method so it can not be tested. Astrology is said to be a pseudo-science
Many people read their horoscopes every day. Even newspapers and telephone lines offer a daily horoscope to the public, it is a big money-making business in our society.