Calendars, Constellations and Astrology (ASTROLOGY (Lots of early…
Calendars, Constellations and Astrology
THE CALENDAR YEAR
A year and a day are not even numbers. Because scientists do not like uneven numbers, we round the numbers off to 365 days and 24 hours
EARLY ROMAN CALENDAR
The Romans used a lot of concepts from the Greeks. The calendar consisted of 10 months; year of 304 days. The Romans had 61 days left over, and those were ignored and they usually landed in the Winter season.
The months were named Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis (5), Sextilis (6), September (7), October (8), November (9), and December (10). A lot of the months come from idolized people within Roman society.
Romulus (the first ruler of Rome) was known to supposedly to have introduced this calendar in 700 BCE.
It consists of 365 days into 12 months.
A leap day is added to February every four years, making the year 365.25 days long.
This calendar was named after Julius Cesar, the ruler of Rome during 44 BC
The calendar was created to reform the Julian Calendar in 1582, correcting the years length.
Leap years are typically divisible by four, except for years divisible by 100 and 400.
September, April, June, and November. have 30 days in the month.
The rest of the months have 31 days except February. February has 28, but 29 in a leap year.
The calendar was created by Pope Gregory the thirteenth.
INTERNATIONAL FIXED CALENDAR
The year is divided into 13 months, each of 28 days, with an additional day at the end of the year.
A new month is placed between June and July, named Sol. Every month has exactly 28 days, except for December (which has the extra day).
Every month begins on a Sunday and ends on a Saturday.
They observed various stars in sky and how they moved in a similar pattern.
They used the stars to know when to plant crops and for religious ceremonies. It helped guide ships to go on voyages, leading to man exploring the farthest ends of the earth.
The sun rises east to west. The stars follow a similar pattern around the north celestial pole, a fixed point within the sky. They typically stuck in the same group constantly, and they are called constellations.
These constellations are typically named after Greek and Roman figures in society, but the stars were mapped long before the Greeks and Romans had gotten into Astronomy.
The Greeks took their concepts of constellations from the Babylonians who had apparently taken their ideas from the Sumerians (one of the oldest recorded civilizations).
Scientists believe the first star map ever created was made in Southern France 17,000 years ago.
There are 88 known constellations in the sky.
Every object in the sky resides in one constellation or another.
Ancient civilizations believed that star/planet movements signaled future events (like war or the end of the world).
Lots of early astrologers believed that whatever position the sun was in when a child was born would determine it's personality/ future.
This was only determined for royal, military, religious, or court leaders' babies.
This science is believed to be a pseudo-science, meaning that it isn't considered a real science, as there is no physical proof.
People get their horoscopes via the computer, newspapers, apps, and readings. This business makes a lot of money.