More & Less Developed Countries (Less Developed Regions (Middle East…
More & Less Developed Countries
More Developed Regions
Language and religious patterns are less diverse here.
90% of this region use English as first language.
Cultural diversity makes tension, like discrimination against ethnic minorities, intolerance against Christians.
Major producer steel, automobiles, & other goods.
replaced by Asia
Had adapted to global economy. And are still successful.
Cultural unity because most speak Indo-European language and believe in Christianity
Became much more unified politically, militarily, economically, and culturally
Immigrants are responsible for lot population growth
level of development is very high in the core area.
to keep high level of development they import food, energy, & minerals.
HDI has declined since United Nations created index in 1990
Iron Curtain from Baltic Sea to Adriatic Sea
Annual per capita GDP's increased from few hundred dollars to several thousands
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels believed communism would triumph in MDC's
Gosplan developed 5yr plans to guide economic development
The 5yr plans had 3 main developments
First emphasized heavy industry iron,steel,machine tools,petrochemicals,mining equitment,locomotives,armaments.
Second plans dispersed production facilities
Third locate manufacturing facilities near sources of raw material than near markets
Communist neglected consumer products
The Easter European countries along border have converted more rapidly and successfully
Closing inefficient business has increased unemployment, and prices for many goods with elimination of govt subsidies.
Because of Eastern European traditions of economic development the region is classified as more developed, but low HDI shows history and difficulty in comparing levels
Third major center of development
Has different cultural tradition
Extremely unfavorable ratio of population to resources
One of worlds most intensively farmed land
Highest physiological densities
Japanese govt encouraged manufacturers to sell products lower in other countries
High quality, high value products such as electronics, motor vehicles, and cameras
small number of inhabitants and peripheral location
Over 90% of residents are descendants of nineteenth-century British settlers
Exporters of food & other resources.
Less Developed Regions
Region is culturally diversed
Population density remains low
high agricultural productivity
Ranks in worlds leaders in production and ecxort of wheat and corn
Development is hindered by inequitable income distribution.
second largest economy
GDP has risen faster than in any other country
China has been worlds most populous country through history
Manufacturing has been increasing in China
China is producing two-thirds of worlds DVD players, microwaves, photocopies, &shoes
much of middle East is desert
has large percentage of worlds petroleum reserves
Govt officials have used billions of dollars generated from petroleum sales to have economic development
Have religion of more than 95% regions population
AHDI points 3 causes in regions low HDI
Lack of political freedom
low education and literacy rates
lack opportunities for women
suffers from internal cultural disputes
has struggled with terrorism
most populous country
region has suffered from half century continuous warfare
Economic development is limited
Economic growth in region has slowed in past decade
2nd highest population
2nd lowest per capita income
population density is high & natural increase rate
Population density is lower than in any other less developed region
Other countries in region contain resources important for economic development
Region has worlds highest percentage of people living in poverty and suffering from poor health and low education levels.
Dramatic imbalance between the number of inhabitants and capacity of the land to feed population