Principles for multimedia learning (MULTIMEDIA PRINCIPLES. (COHERENCE…
Principles for multimedia learning
"People learn better from words and pictures than from words alone"
SENSORY MEMORY. This kind of memory temporary holds images and sounds.
WORKING MEMORY. This memory allows manipulate a small amount of visual and verbal material.
LONG-TERM MEMORY. Is the one who keeps permanently the knowledge.
Kinds of cognitive processing during learning.
EXTRANEUS. This drains limited cognitive processing, and also recognize the information.
ESSENTIAL. This one selects the relevant information and then organize it in the working memory.
GENERATIVE. This one makes sense of the material by reorganizing it into a coherent structure.
COHERENCE.When the pictures, words and sounds are excluded rather than included.
SIGNALING.When you use clues on something to be focus on the essensial material.
REDUDANCY. people learn better with graphics and narration than form graphics, narration and on screen-text at the same time.
SPATIAL CONTIGUITY. When the pictures and the texts are presented near rather than far from each other.
TEMPORAL CONTIGUITY. people learn better whnen the pictures and the texts are shown simultaneosly.
SEGMENTING. It is easier to learn by parts or segments than the as a continious unit.
PRE-TRAINING. The person learns better when they know the names and characteristics of the main concepts.
MODALITY. The people learn better with graphics and narrations than screen-text.
PERSONALIZATION. The person learns better when the conversation is more friendly and relaxing than formal conversation.
VOICE.The person learns better when it's a friendly human voice, rather than a machine voice.