One of the approaches to complexity involves conducting experiments that are safe-to-fail, sensing what the results are indicating and cautiously responding. The notion of safe-to-fail has become increasingly important to many organisations since the GFC. While an organisation cannot be made fail-safe, they can make elements of their operation safe-to-fail so that their failure does not disrupt or put at risk the entire organisation. This approach encourages a leader to move forward incrementally, conducting experiments that are safe-to-fail (probing), sensing what the results are indicating, and cautiously responding. In this way, the patient leader allows the path forward to emerge from the many possible states. In this approach, experiments that do not lead to desirable results can be shut down, without major impact, and those that prove to be effective can be reinforced and expanded.