:check:Article 324 provides for an independent Election Commission in order to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
:check:The power of super-tendence, direction and conduct of elections to the Parliament, the state legislatures, the office of the President and the office of the Vice-President is vested in the Commission.
:check:The commission consists of a chief election commissioner and 2 election commissioners.
:check:There is to be only 1 general electoral roll for every territorial constituency for election to the Parliament and the state legislatures.
:check: No person is to be ineligible for inclusion in the electoral roll on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or any of them.
:check:The elections to the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies are on the basis of adult franchise. Thus, every person who is a citizen of India and who is 18 years of age, is entitled to vote at the election provided he is not disqualified under the provisions of the Constitution.
The Parliament has enacted the following laws:
:check: Representation of the People Act of 1950 which provides for the qualifications of voters, preparation of electoral rolls, delimitation of constituencies, allocation of seats in the Parliament and state legislatures and so on.
:check: Representation of the People Act of 1951 which provides for the actual conduct of elections and deals with administrative machinery for conducting elections, the poll, election offences, election disputes, by-elections, registration of political parties and so on.
:check: Delimitation Commission Act of 1952 which provides for the readjustment of seats, delimitation and reservation of territorial constituencies and other related matters.
:check:The state legislatures can also make provision with respect to all matters relating to elections to the state legislatures including the preparation of electoral rolls and all other matters necessary for securing their due constitution. But, they can make provision for only those matters which are not covered by the Parliament.
Article 323 B empowers the appropriate legislature (Parliament or state legislature) to establish a tribunal for the adjudication of election disputes.