Landmark Supreme Court Cases (Gibbons v. Ogden (1824, NY state law gave…
Landmark Supreme Court Cases
McCulloch v. Maryland
impsed act to impose tax on bank
bank worker refused to pay tax
did congress have authority to establish bank, did maryland lax intefere unconstitutionally with congressional power
unanimous decision for yes
case is important, uses necessary and proper clause, congress had power to incorporate a bank, grows federal power and lessened state power
Can Maryland tax the US??
state government was over reaching the national government
Marbury v. Madison
Should Marbury get commission, can SCOUTS approve writ of mandamus
first case to declare something unconstitutional
Dred Scott v. Sanford
question was "was scott free"
increased state powers because it allowed states to decide his freedom
in federal court, he was ruled as a slave because he wasn't a citizen
dred scott was a born freed slave but went back to southern sate that considered him a slave
Gibbons v. Ogden
NY state law gave individuals rights when operating a steamboat.
the national license over throws state license
Gibbons had a federal license, the monopoly for the NY license made Gibbons pay a high tax to enter NY waters
unanimous, 6 for yes
Did NY exercise authority in a licensing into something controlled by congress
it expands federal power because it gave the federal license final say
Reynolds v. US
expanded federal power because it limited first amendment power
court ruling was no to stop the freedom of religion right for everything illegal
does banning plural marriage violate the first amendment?