Effects of using ICT :warning: (Health and safety issues (problems can…
Effects of using ICT
effects of ICT on working patterns
Two people agree to share a job, in essence they are agreeing to both work part-time, but between them they will complete the work of a full-time employee.
Part-time working has become more common recently, it allows employers to meet their staffing needs more precisely and allows employees choice about when they work. Part-Time can be defined in lots of different ways, # days per week or mornings only or # hours per day are common choices.
Is a process that allows employees some control in the hours that they work. The rules are set by the employer, giving the employees some flexibility to decide when they start and end the working day and also when they take breaks.
Staff working compressed hours work their total contracted hours over fewer working days. For example, a full-time staff member could work 36.5 hours over 4.5 days or a 9 day fortnight rather than 5 days.
micro processor controlled devices in the home
is a permanent method of electronic identification. The chip itself is very small – about the size of a grain of rice Each chip has a unique number that is detected using a microchip scanner
embedding a microprocessor into device allows it to be programmed to function in different ways
effects of ICT on employment
ATMs have now replaced bank cashiers by being more effective and fast.
Manufacturers used to employ millions of people, but now a days skilled workers such as technicians and machine operators may be replaced by computer controlled robots, which can work quicker and more consistently, for more hours.
jobs that are created by manufacturing
Car manufacturing makes considerable use of robotics. One robot is capable of doing the same tasks as a number of workers, greatly reducing the need for manual laboures • :check:
spraying the bodies with paint
assembling all the body parts
assembly of the engine and transmission
fitting the windscreens.
factory workers have had to obtain these jobs:
• :red_flag: maintenance of the robots
• :red_flag: quality control
• :red_flag: design and development
• :red_flag: marketing
• :red_flag: training other workers.
The growth of online shopping has resulted in stores closing down and the businesses being run from the owner 's or the warehouse.stock control can be done automatically by using bar code readers.
Let us consider a company where the day-to-day tasks are all presently carried out manually by people in the following
• Human resources
Health and safety issues
:have the mouse at suitable distance, you can support your wrist with a
: don't use a
screens as it has a very shiny surface and light will glare from it, this will strain your eyes. Also have it a suitable distance from your eyes
which can cause breathing problems. to avoid this move it a safe distance from you.
can also cause vibration on the desk giving you
, you can move it off the desk or use a damp cloth to stop the vibration
problems can develop with our neck and back, eyes, wrists and thumbs and fingers. Bad posture is a result of this, a good posture should be as shown in this picture.
Many items of computer equipment are very heavy: CRT monitors, laser printers, etc. Heavy items can cause serious injury if they fall on people.
If any liquids are spilt on electrical equipment, such a s a computer, it can result in damage to the equipment, or an electric shock to the user..
bad postures causes aches and pains in the back and neck. Staring to much at the monitor causes eyestrain and headaches
how to prevent:
Bags and obstacles should be stored out of the way so that people can't trip over them
Food and drink should not be placed near a machine
Heating and ventilation should be suitable for the working environment
Work desks should be strong enough to support computers and equipment
Staff should follow the safety regulations
Fire extinguishers should be available, including specialist ones to deal with electrical fires.
Fire exits should be clearly marked and free from clutter
Malcolm, Pervis, Kim and Rahul