Calendars, Constellations,and Astrology (Roman Calendar (The Romans…
Calendars, Constellations,and Astrology
The Romans borrowed parts of their earliest known calendar from the Greeks. The calendar consisted of 10 months in a year of 304 days. The Romans seem to have ignored the remaining 61 days, which fell in the middle of winter
The 10 months were Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November, and December.
Romulus, the legendary first ruler of Rome, is supposed to have introduced this calendar in the 700s B.C.E.
Constellations are groups of stars that seem to form a picture in the sky
Most of the constellations we know of today have Greek and Roman names, but people mapped the sky before these empires took hold.
scientists suspect that markings on a the cave walls in southern France — created over 17,000 years ago — may chart the Pleiades and Hyades star clusters, making it the first known star map.
no one really knows who started constellations
There are 88 known and recorded constellations
Every object in the night sky lies inside a particular constellation
Early astrologers believed that the position of the planets rising over the horizon or at the top of the sky at a person’s birth foretold the potential character and destiny of that person.
This kind of thinking was never applied to "common" people—it was only used for royal babies and the sons of military, religious, or court leaders.
Astrology is a pseudo-science
Pseudo-science is a claim, belief or practice which is incorrectly presented as scientific but does not adhere to a valid scientific method, cannot be reliably tested, or otherwise lacks scientific status
Astrology is a pseudo-science
Some people believe it is fun to read their daily horoscopes. This is an idea that the positions of the stars and planets determine what happens to you on Earth
Newspapers began printing daily horoscopes
Some people had and used telephone lines that charged fees to tell you your horoscopes
It was and still is a big money
The Julian Calendar
The Julian calendar has a regular year of 365 days divided into 12 months. A leap day is added to February every four years.
The Julian Calendar was named after Julius Caesar
The Gregorian Calendar
Replaced the Julian Calendar in 1582 to correct the year. Making a 0.002% of a correction.
Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is one.
Gregorian calendar is our present one named after Pope Gregory
Possible Calendar in the future
The International Fixed Calendar
The International Fixed Calendar is a perpetual Gregorian calendar, where the year is divided into 13 months, each of 28 days, with an additional day at the end of the year.
Present month names are retained, but a new month named Sol is put in between June and July. The additional day follows December 28 and bears no designation of month, date, or weekday name, while the same would be true of the day added in a leap year after June 28.
In this calendar, every month begins on a Sunday and ends on a Saturday.
A Florida man who won a $10 million lottery jackpot claims the lucky numbers came from a fortune cookie.
Richard Davis, 66, of Boca Raton, said he only occasionally plays the lottery, using the same five sets of numbers, one for each time he visited the eatery, that came from fortune cookies he received from a North Carolina restaurant