Calendars & Constellations & Astrology (Julian Calendar (365 days…
Calendars & Constellations & Astrology
Early Roman Calendar
Borrowed parts of their calendar from the Greeks
Early Roman calendar consisted of 10 months in a year of 304 days.
Where did the remaining 61 days go?!
"The 10 months were named Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November, and December. The last six names were taken from the words for five, six, seven, eight, nine, and ten"
Romulus, first ruler of Rome, was supposed to introduce the calendar in the 700s B.C.E.
365 days divided into 12 months
A leap day is added to February every four years
Julian year is about 365.25 days long.
Named after Julius Caesar
refinement in 1582 to the Julian Calendar
0.002% correction in the length of the year
Every year that's exactly divisible by four is a leap year,
except for years that are exactly divisible by 100
centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400
1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is
named after Pope Gregory
International Fixed Calendar
year is divided into 13 months, each of 28 days, with an additional day at the end
new month named Sol is put in between June and July
"additional day follows December 28 and bears no designation of month, date, or weekday name, while the same would be true of the day added in a leap year after June 28."
every month begins on a Sunday and ends on a Saturday
Early man observed the bodies in sky and how they moved in a regular pattern.
"they used this information for planting and harvesting crops, as well as schedules for religious ceremonies"
"It helped in finding bearings in navigation of ships that helped in trading, journeys, and voyages. This allowed man to spread out and expand his trade and improve his way of life"
permanent groupings called constellations
Constellations are groups of stars that seem to form a picture in the sky
no one really knows who started the whole constellation thang
There are 88 known and recorded constellations
Every object in the sky lies inside a particular constellation
People used to believe that planetary movements signaled events such as floods, good and bad harvests, or wars with neighboring tribes
"Early astrologers believed that the position of the planets rising over the horizon or at the top of the sky at the time of a person’s birth could foretell the potential character and destiny of that person. "
astrology was not for us normies, however. It was only used for royal babies and the sons of military, religious, or court leaders.
now, people make money off astrology because people like reading their horoscopes
telephone lines that charged fees for forecasting horoscopes
Newspapers began printing daily horoscopes
A claim, belief or practice which is incorrectly presented as scientific but does not adhere to a valid scientific method, cannot be reliably tested, or otherwise lacks scientific status