certain areas more attractive for various activities because of environment or even chancethe high class housing district is in the center with the new and expensive houses outside of thatindustries and retailers usually appear near good transportation.
some activities are attracted to certain nodes while others are repelledex: a university attracts students which attracts bookstores and pizzeriasincompatible land uses avoid clustering in the same areaex: industry and high class housing don't appear near each other
number of non-whitesmedian income of all familiesthe % of adults who finished high school
they are less dominated by skyscrapers and instead churches and old palacesthey have a legacy of low rise structures from medieval times and even preserve itMore people live in the CBD so they have more consumer services, but 24 hour services are rare.they ban motor vehicles, which makes the pedestrian walk-ways popularIt's more popular to renovate older buildings than to build new ones, but it's even more expensive, so the land value rises
Ernest Griffin and Lary Fordwealthy people push out from the center in elite residentialwealthy and middle class would avoid dis amenity because they may be noisy, polluted or poor.
urbanized areacountry where the city is locatedadj counties w/ high pop density and large % of residents working in central city county