CASSIBA ET AL (Contemporary study for child) (AIMS; (Investigate majority…
CASSIBA ET AL (Contemporary study for child)
SSP; Had 627 ppts from 17 different studies
TYPE A; Insecure Avoidant
TYPE B; Secure
TYPE C; Insecure Resistant
AAI; 2258 ppts from 50 different studies
TYPE D; Dismissive Avoidant (paired with TYPE A)
TYPE E; Anxious Preoccupied (Paired with TYPE C)
TYPE F; Secure (Paired with TYPE B)
TYPE U; Unresolved loss
Investigate majority of Italian children and adults are classified with a secure attachment.
Discover whether Italian adults (majority catholic) would have lower % of unresolved attachment compared to other countries.
Children and adults from clinical samples vary in attachment type distribution to non clinical
Research additionally investigated potential gender differences in the distribution of attachment types
Psych Info; A psychology data base of academic journals where the studies came from.
Unresolved Attachment; Type of attachment that is indicative of unresolved loss typically from trauma or abuse.
53% of Italian non clinical children sample were TYPE B
32% of Italian clinical children sample were TYPE B
36% of Italian children in both samples were TYPE A
Cassiba's % of TYPE A is higher then Van Ijzendorn and Kroonenburg's
EVALUATION; Temporal validity as comparing to results from a US study in 1992. Study contains mostly women and not men so has a gender bias making it harder to generalise
CONCLUSION; Higher TYPE A in Italian and US children due to the difference in child rearing practises. Under representation of unresolved attachments due to their religious faith in times of hardship
TYPE D was higher in violent families
TYPE F had 59% of Italian mothers
TYPE D was higher in fathers then mothers
AAI TYPE E was higher for parents with psychological problems compared to those without.