Those who are socio-economically disadvantaged, have disrupted family structures and limited education, are most consistently related to teenage pregnancy
Many lifestyle factors (e.g. risky sexual behaviours, alcohol, drug or tobacco use) were also shown to have some association with teenage pregnancy.
Points to Consider: Improving services may not reduce teenage pregnancy on its own. In all the relationships observed, it is unclear how the various factors interact with one another: correlation is not causation
Where there is higher deprivation, young people tend to have less ambition.
▸We can therefore suggest, where there is more ambition, young people may be less likely to conceive.
▸Although religion, ethnicity and tradition were found to be important, socio-economic factors were mentioned most frequently.
▸Conception rates in women younger than 18 declined steadily but are largely linked to deprived areas with low levels of education.
▸The increases in educational attainment and use of highly effective contraception are likely to have contributed to the falling teenage pregnancy rate.
Not much statistical evidence to support claim ‘reduction of teenage pregnancy due to improvements in educational achievement’