Crude Oil process Hermann Grossmann Isauro Vergara Jorge Pellegrín …
Crude Oil process
Refinery processes of crude oil
Refinery is a process in which the pure crude oil is extracted and then its components are processed and separated.
We have five types of operations for refinery.
Formulation and mixing
Fracking or fractional distillation
Different materials are made by their different boiling points. Crude oil is heated from 100 ºC to 350 ºC
Advantages of crude oil treatment
Disadvantages of crude oil treatment
Volatile Organic Compounds
Geochimist reactions between H2O and CO2, hydrocarbons, metal carbonates.
Complex mixture of hydrocarbons and small amounts of other substances.
Solid. Color from amber to black.
Liquid. Density less than water
Gas. Colorless, odorless, tasteless.
Decomposition of vegetable organisms, submitted to enormous amounts of pressure.
Different steps are required to treat oil: -Separation of compounds
Formulation and Mixing
Many compounds are prepared for different industrial uses
Waste recovery, Transportation, Hydrogen production, Treatment of acids, Distillation glues, Sulfur recovery, Production of energy, Analysis (Laboratory).