Pyrolisis(450°-550°C): hydrocarbon chains are broken to smaller pieces; production of plastics.
Catalytic reformation: process of conversion of open chains, used as additives to improve gasoline
Isomerization: formation of functional isomers
Alkylation: high molecular weight hydrocarbons are formed by low molecular weight hydrocarbons
Polymerization: From alkenes, the polymers are formed
Oil is measured in barrels, which is equal to 42 US gallons or 159 liters.
Gasoline makes up 45% of crude oil.
Crude oil ranges in consistency from water to a nearly solid state.
The U.S. is the biggest consumer of oil at over 19.5 million barrels a day.
Petroleum means Rocky Oil
Separation of aromatic compounds
Removal of waxes
InvestingAnswers Staff. (2017). 50 Surprising Facts You Never Knew About Oil. January 17, 2018, de InvestingAnswers Sitio web:
CNN Satff. (2017). Oil and Gasoline Fast Facts. January 17, 2018, de CNN Sitio web:
McMurry John. Química orgánica. Sexta edición. International Thompson Editores, S.A. de C.V. 2004
Brown, C., y Ford, M. (2008). Chemistry. UK: Heinemann/Pearson
Morrison, R. Y Boyd, R. (1998). Química Orgánica. 5ª ed. México: Pearson Education.
It is a mixture of compounds, mainly hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and cycloalkane), benzene derivates and alcohols, among the most important.
Of water and carbon dioxide
Product of decomposition of vegetable
Is an unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials.
Is is found underground in deposits of sdeimentary rocks and in places where there was no sea.
The color varies from amber and black.
Its density is less than water.
In a gas it is odorless, colorless and tasteless.
Extracted according to a specific field
Heating of crude oil from 100 to 350 degrees.
Separated by different boiling points
12C - 16C: Fuel lamps, heaters.
16C - 18C: Diesel
4C - 12C: Solvents, motors fuels
18C - 25C: Vaseline, plastics.
1C - 4C: Fuels for stoves.
Altair Mata Cervantes A01730515
Rigel Valeria Cruz Legaria A01730800
Karine Frnaceschi Apiquian A01730540
Cynthia Fuentes Sánchez A01730801