Perfect information and imperfect information
Infinitely long games
Discrete and continuous games
Economics and business
Computer science and logic
Prescriptive or normative analysis
"the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers".
1944 John Von Neumann
Proved existence of mixed-strategy equilibria in
2 person zero-sum games
This theory was developed extensively in the 1950s by many scholars.